Psychology for Lawyers

psychotherapists talking about psychotherapy



"Although neurosis may produce acute disturbances or may at times remain fairly static, it implies in its nature neither the one condition nor the other. It is a process that grows by its own momentum, that with a ruthless logic of its own envelops more and more areas of personality. It is a process that breeds conflicts and a need for their solution. But, since the solutions the individual finds are only artificial ones, new conflicts arise which again call for new solutions--which may allow him to function in a fairly smooth way. It is a process which drives him father and father away from his real self and which thus endangers his persoanl growth."

--Karen Horney, Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization 333 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1950)


"The Road of Psychoanalytic Therapy," in Karen Horney, Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization 333-365 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1950)

Review Readings Previously Assigned: A First Look at Psychotherapy

Class Videos


[For a different series of introductory videos, see: A Psychodynamic Approach to Therapy]

Class Viewing 1: Adam Phillips: One Way and Another [17:19 mins.] [the relevant comment by Adam Phillips on psychotherapy comes at the beginning of the video, ends at 2:06 mins.] [psychotherapy is a "listening cure" not a "talking cure" (a comment echoed in a video by Susie Orbach presented in class); patients come to psychoanalysis to seek a "certain kind of conversation," Freud provides a language "that makes sense to some kinds of people"; talking about his appreciation for writing essays]

Class Viewing 2: Happiness: Susie Orbach Speak at St Paul's [1:30:45 mins.] [St Paul's Cathedral, 2010] [Susan Orbach begins her presentation at 1:46 mins, ends at 3:41 mins.] [a response to positive psychology and the idea that we should be in pursuit of happiness] [Susie Orbach is a British psychotherapist, psychoanalyst, writer and social critic. She founded Women's Therapy Centre of London.]

Class Viewing 3: Susie Orbach: In Therapy [14:50 mins.] [begin presentation at 0:33 mins., end at 3:10 mins. (another possible break, 7:24 mins.)]

Existential Psychotherapy

Class Viewing 4: James Bugental: Humanistic Psychology [4:36 mins.] [Thinking Aloud with Jeffrey Mishlove] [commenting on "depth therapy" and our "existential crisis"]

Class Viewing 5: On Psychotherapy [2:53 mins.] [Rollo May is associated with existential therapy] [May comments on the Freudian/Jungian idea of "making the unconscious conscious" in contrast to what he calls therapeutic"gimmicks"]

Carl Rogers

Class Viewing 6: Carl Rogers on Person-Centered Therapy [1:48 mins.] ["trying to understand the person that is hidden within each of us"; being himself, and not an expert, a psychologist; creating a climate for change and growth and drawing out one's potential] [Carl Rogers]

Class Viewing 7: Carl Rogers: Fundamental Tenets of His Approach to Therapy [9:54 mins.] [Rogers appears at 0:40 mins. and class presentation runs to 3:03 mins.] [The question: "Can I be real in the relationship?"; commenting on "congruence" ("being in one piece in the relationship"); the importance of acceptance/caring/regard for the patient; "will I be able to see the world through the eyes of the patient?"; search for "meanings beneath the surface"]

Jordan Peterson (on Carl Rogers and Psychotherapy)

Class Viewing 8: A Psychotherapist is an Engineer of the Soul [4:20 mins.] [Jordan Peterson] [begin presentation at 0:50 mins., end at 3:13 mins.] [video begins with Peterson's expression of appreciation for Carl Rogers and the idea of non-judgmental listening; "read the damn therapists, those people were smart . . . they tell you things," they give you a "toolbox"]

Class Viewing 9: Jordan Peterson on Carl Rogers [50:09 mins.] [2017] [presentation on Carl Rogers begins at 42:17 mins. and ends at 50:09] [Peterson presents cogent remarks about therapy and the therapeutic relationship drawing on Carl Rogers] [relating therapy to finding the truth]

Class Viewing 10: The Most Important Tool in Therapy [3:06 mins.] [focus on therapy as "telling the truth"] ["what cures in therapy is truth"]

Footnote: Jungian Analysis

Andrew Samuels on Jung and the Post-Jungians
[41:19 mins.] [commentary on Jungian practice begins at 10:32 mins., ends at 21:12 mins.]

Footnote: Mindfulness & Psychotherapy

Mark Epstein: The Trauma of Everyday Life [55:57 mins.] [Mark Epstein is a psychiatrist with a background in Buddhism] [brief remark on mindfulness in psychotherapy begins at 40:40 mins., ends at 44:32 mins. (after the comment on mindfulness and psychotherapy, Epstein goes on to talk about not being exposed to Jung's work]] [Epstein is the author of Thoughts Without a Thinker: Psychotherapy from a Buddhist Perspective (New York: Basic Books, rev. ed., 2013) and The Trauma of Everyday Life (New York: Penguin Press, 2013)]

Footnote: A Critical Perspective

James Hillman on Archetypal Psychotherapy & the Soulless Society [7:39 mins.] [end presentation at 5:02 mins.] [talking about psyche, revisioning psychology; "the psyche upsets us"; the question: "why is this disturbance coming?"; on the idea of starting where we are now (and the lack of psychology); talking about soul (in an effort that may not be Hillman's best effort)]

Supplemental Reading

Jonathan Shedler, That Was Then, This is Now: An Introduction to Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy [online text]

[The Shedler paper is quite long. The core of the paper--pp. 12-36, a thorough-going examination of contemporary psychoanalytic psychotherapy--is what I suggest that you focus on.] [Dr. Shedler is a Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and was formerly Director of Psychology at the University of Colorado Hospital Outpatient Psychiatry Department.]

Introduction to Humanistic Psychology: Carl Rogers &
Abraham Maslow

An Introduction to Humanistic Psychology
[27:21 mins.] [audio] [basic introduction; focus on Abraham Maslow & Carl Rogers]

Carl Rogers
[website videos compile for a course assignment on Carl Rogers]

Humanistic Psychology
[website videos :: James R. Elkins]

A Collection of Psychotherapy Videos

Reference (Carl Rogers): Carl R. Rogers

Reference (Rollo May): Rollo May

Reference (Jordan Peterson): Jordan Peterson

Reference (James Hillman): James Hillman

Reference (Becoming a Psychotherapist): Gerald J. Gargiulo

Reference (Adam Phillips)

The Adam Phillips Interview
[57:31 mins.]

Pleasure and Frustration
[6:07 mins.]

Adam Phillips Interview
[14:31 mins.]

Adam Phillips with Novelist, Critic Daphne Merkin
[53:46 mins.]

Adam Phillips on His Book, Becoming Freud
[4:02 mins.] Pt2 [6:32 mins.]

Adam Phillips on Money
[44:35 mins.]

On Being Too Much for Ourselves
[13:41 mins.]

The Rule of Not Too Much
[14:00 mins.] [audio essay]

Sex Mad
[14:29 mins.] [audio essay]

On Missing Out
[1:01:10 mins.]

Reference (Susie Orbach)

Susie Orbach: In Therapy
[14:52 mins.]

Susie Orbach on Psychoanalysis
[38:14 mins.] [interview; intellectual origins of Orbach's interest in psychoanalysis; social and feminist context]

[22:03 mins.] [Susie Orbach and Maria Furtwängler discuss authenticity; 2011, Munich] [conversation begins at 5:00 mins.]

Bodies & Business
[23:32 mins.]

On Womens' Body Issues
[4:40 mins.]

GRITtv Interview: Susie Orbach
[5:52 mins.] Pt2 [6:04 mins.]

[1:26:13 mins.] [London School of Economics and Political Science] [conversation begins at 3:00 mins.]

Love, Suffering, Death and Happiness
[1:30:45 mins.] [St Paul's Cathedral, 2010]

Reference (Mark Epstein)

Advice Not Given: A Guide to Getting Over Yourself
[1:28:53 mins.]

Working with Trauma: Integrating Psychotherapy and Mindfulness
[1:14:46 mins.]

The Interface of Psychology and Buddhism
[1:42:00 mins.]

Everyday Trauma: Perspectives from Buddhism and Psychoanalysis
[2:00:11 mins.]

Why Your Self-Image Might Be Wrong: Ego, Buddhism, and Freud
[3:32 mins.]

How To Get Over Yourself
[2:49 mins.]

Reference (Nancy McWilliams)

Nancy McWilliams Talks to NewTherapist
[16:07 mins.] [Nancy McWilliams is a psychoanalyst, writer and teacher at Rutgers University] [end presentation at 6:28 mins.] [in this video, Nancy McWilliams presents a sensible defense of a psychodynamic approach to psychotherapy]

Beyond Traits: Personality Differences as Intersubjective Themes
[58:29 mins.] [Nancy McWilliams] [2012]

Psychological Wellness: What Has Happened to our Understanding of Mental Health?
[1:25:26 mins.] [2011]

Nancy McWilliams Talks to Project Air Strategy about Personality Disorder
[14:30 mins.]

Psychoanalysis and its Discontents (and Hopes for the Future)
[33:30 mins.]

Life, Psychoanalysis and Spirituality
[51:59 mins.]

Reference (Jonathan Shedler)

Jonathan Shedler, Ph.D. speaking at Pacifica Graduate Institute
[2:36 mins.] [on the effectiveness of psychotherapy]

Where is the Evidence for Evidence-Based Therapy?
[56:54 mins.] [Jonathan Shedler]

Reference (Andrew Feldmár)

A Life is Worth Living
[16:30 mins.]

On Shame
[9:13 mins.]

On Dependancy and Emancipation
[9:17 mins.]

[2:33 mins.]

The Psychedelic Apprentice
[30:10 mins.]

On Psychedelic Therapy
[35:06 mins.]

Therapeutic Use of Psychedelics Overview & Personal Journey
[45:23 mins.] [presentation begins at 1:00 mins.]


The Most Important Thing in Psychotherapy?
[3:23 mins.] [Emmy van Deurzen, British existential therapist]

A Cautionary Note about Psychotherapy & Psychotherapists

Andrew Feldmár on Psychotherapy
[15:45 mins.] [Andrew Feldmár is a Hungarian psychologist and psychotherapist who lives and works in Canada]

A Former Therapist's Critique of Psychotherapy
[59:33 mins.] [Daniel Mackler]

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Psychotherapy: Practice Based Evidence to the Rescue
[7:26 mins.] [Barry Duncan]

John C. Norcross on What Does Not Work in Psychotherapy
[9:03 mins.]

Confrontation in Therapy Doesn't Work
[3:51 mins.]

Can Psychotherapy Have Side Effects?
[19:46 mins.] [Gerhard Andersson, the presenter, appears at 2:13 mins.]

Pseudoscience in Mental Health Treatments
[1:08:15 mins.] [David Tolin, Director, Institute of Living & Adjunct Associate Professor, Yale University]

Psychology 101: A Dramatically Different View of Psychology
Than What You Are Being Presented From the Psychodynamic

Psychology 1
[48:05 mins.] [lecture begins at 31:42 mins.] [UC-Berkeley]

Introduction to Psychology
[29:36 mins.] [lecture begins at 3:40 [Paul Bloom, Yale]

Introduction to Psychology
[49:43 mins.] [John Gabrieli, MIT]

Paul Bloom: The Psychology of Everything
[48:15 mins.] [outlining different areas of psychology, ends at 2:35 mins.]

Contact Professor Elkins