Strangers to Us All Lawyers and Poetry

Charles Godfrey Leland

pseud. Hans Breitmann
Pennsylvania & London

Brady-Handy Photograph Collection

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
[Originally published in the article "Legend of Bernadus,"
in Illustrated News, Jan., 1853. See: Wikipedia]

"LELAND, Charles Godfrey, b. Philadelphia, Penn., 15 Aug., 1824. He was graduated at Princeton, and studied at German and French universities. He practised law, and engaged in literary work and journalism in his native city until 1869, after which he resided chiefly in London, giving much time to the study of life among the gypsies, Indians, Italian witches, etc. In 1880 Mr. Leland returned to America and devoted four years to the introduction of the minor arts as a branch of instruction in the public schools." [Edmund Clarence Stedman (ed.), An American Anthology 1787-1899 806 (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1900)]

Charles Godfrey Leland
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature
(1907-21)(Vol. 18)

Charles Godfrey Leland

Dialect Literature


[El Capitan-General] [Hans Breitmann's Barty] [The Roman Ring] [A Thousand Years Ago] [The Trees of Life] [The Two Friends] [The Two Friends] [Waking Dreams]


Charles Godfrey Leland, Memoirs
(New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1893)


Charles Godfrey Leland & H.P. Leland, Ye Book of Copperheads (Philadelphia: F. Leypoldt, 1863) [online text]

Charles Godfrey Leland, Hans Breitmann's Party. With Other Ballads. (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers 1868) [online text]

Hans Breitmann about Town. And other new ballads (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson 1869)

Hans Breitmann's Party. With other ballads (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers, 1869)

Hans Breitmann's Ballads (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson, 1870) [online text]

"Hans Breitmann in Church: with other new ballads (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers, 1870) [online text]

Hans Breitmann as an Uhlan, with other new ballads (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers, 1871) [online text] (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Brothers, 1884)

The Breitmann Ballads (London: Trübner, 1889) (Philadelphia: D. McKay 1897)(Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914)(New York, Dover Publications, 1965)

___________________, The Music-Lesson of Confucius, and Other Poems (Boston: James R. Osgood and Company, late Ticknor and Fields, and Fields, Osgood, and Co., 1872) [online text] [online text]

___________________, Brand New Ballads (London: Dalziel Brothers, Camden Press, 1885) [online text]

___________________, Songs of the Sea and Lays of the Land (London: A. and C. Black, 1895) [online text]

____________________, Hans Breitmann in Germany, Tyrol (London: T.F. Unwin 1895)


Charles Godfrey Leland, Memoirs (London: W. Heinemann, 1893)(2 vols.)(New York: D. Appleton, 1893)(London: William Heinemann, 2nd ed., 1894) [[online text] [reprint: Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1968]


Charles Godfrey Leland, Meister Karl's Sketch-book (Philadelphia: Parry & McMillan, 1855) [online text] (Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Literature House, 1970)

___________________, Ornaments of Memory; or Beauties of History, Romance, and Poetry (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1855)(New edition, [online text]

___________________ (ed.), The Poetry and Mystery of Dreams (Philadelphia: E.H. Butler & Co., 1856) [online text]

___________________, Sunshine in Thought (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1863) [online text] (Gainesville, Florida: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1959)

___________________, The Art of Conversation, with Directions for Self Education (New York: Carleton, 1865) [online text] (New York: Carleton, 1870) [online text]

___________________, The Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division; or, Three Thousand Miles in a Railway Car (Philadelphia: Ringwalt & Brown, 1867) [online text]

___________________, Meister Karl's Sketch-book (Philadelphia: T.B. Peterson & Bros., 1872) [online text]

___________________, The English Gipsies and Their Language (New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1873) [online text] (Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1969)

___________________, The Egyptian Sketch Book (New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1874) [online text]

___________________, Fusang, or, The Discovery of America by Chinese Buddhist Priests in the Fifth Century (London: Trübner, 1875) [online text]

Charles Godfrey Leland, Edward Henry Palmer & Janet Tuckey, English-Gipsy Songs. In Rommany, with metrical English translations (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1875)

Charles Godfrey Leland, Johnnykin and the Goblins (New York: Macmillan, 1876) [online text]

__________________, Pidgin-English Sing-song, or, Songs and Stories in the China-English Dialect. With a Vocabulary. (London: Trübner and Co., 1876) [online text]

___________________, Abraham Lincoln and the Abolition of Slavery in the United States (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1879) [online text]

___________________, The Minor Arts, Porcelain Painting, Wood-carving, Stencilling, Modelling, Mosaic Work, &c. (London: Macmillan, 1880) [online text]

___________________, Industrial Art in Schools (Washington, D.C.: Govt. Print. Off., 1882)

___________________, The Gypsies (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1882) [online text] (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1924)

___________________, The Algonquin Legends of New England; or, Myths and folk lore of the Micmac, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot tribes (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1884) [online text] (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1884)(Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1968)(Algonquin legends, New York: Dover Publications, 1992)

__________________, Practical Education (London: Whitaker and Co., 1888) [online text]

Albert Barrère & Charles G. Leland (eds.), A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant embracing English, American, and Anglo-Indian slang, pidgin English, tinker's jargon and other irregular phraseology ([London]: The Ballantyne Press, 1889)(2 vols.)(The Ballantyne Press, 1890) [online text] (London: G. Bell, 1897)

___________________, The Mastery of Memorizing (Harrisburg, Pennsylavnia & New York: J.P. Downs,1890) [online text] (Harrisburg, Pennsylavnia & New York: J.P. Downs, 1907)

___________________, Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune-telling, illustrated by numerous incantations, specimens of medical magic, anecdotes, and tales (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1891)(New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1891) [online text] (New Hyde Park, New York: University Books, 1962)(New York: Dover Publications, 1971)(New York: Citadel Press, 1990)(Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 1995)

___________________, A Manual of Wood Carving (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1891)

___________________, Peculiar People (Cleveland: Aust & Clark, 1891) [online text]

___________________, The Hundred Riddles of the Fairy Bellaria (London: T.F. Unwin, 1892)

___________________, Etruscan Magic & Occult Remedies (London: T.F. Unwin, 1892) [online text] (New Hyde Park, New York: University Books, 1963)

___________________, Etruscan Roman remains in popular tradition (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1892)

Etruscan Roman Remains and the Old Religion: Gods, Goblins, Divination and Amulets (New York: Kegan Paul, distributed by Columbia University Press, 2002)

___________________, The English Gipsies and Their Language (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1893)

___________________, Elementary Metal Work: A Practical Manual for Amateurs and Use in Schools (London: Whittaker and Co., 1894) [online text]

___________________, Legends of Florence; Collected from the People (New York: Macmillan, 1895)(Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1969) [online text]

___________________, A Manual of Mending and Repairing; with Diagrams (New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1896) [online text]

___________________, The Unpublished Legends of Virgil (London [England]: Elliot Stock, 1899)(New York: Macmillan, 1900)

___________________, Aradia; or, The Gospel of the Witches (London: D. Nutt, 1899) [online text]

___________________, Flaxius, leaves from the life of an immortal (London: P. Wellby, 1902) [online text]

___________________, The Alternate Sex; or, The Female Intellect in Man, and the Masculine in Woman (New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1904) [online text]

___________________, Have You a Strong Will? How to develop and strengthen will power, memory, or any other faculty or attribute of the mind by the easy process of auto-suggestion (New York: Brentano's, 1919) [online text]

Arthur Martine & Charles Godfrey Leland, Civil War Era Etiquette: Martine's Handbook & Vulgarisms in Conversation (Mendicino: R.L. Shep, 1988)(A combination of Arthur Martine's Hand-book of Ttiquette first published by Dick & Fitzgerald, New York in 1866 and Vulgarisms in Conversation which is a part of Leland's Art of Conversation published by Carleton, New York in 1864)


Heinrich Heine, Pictures of Travel (Philadelphia: J. Weik, 1855)(Philadelphia: F. Leypoldt, 1863) [online text] (New York: D. Appleton, Aldine ed., 1898)(London: William Heinman, 1906)(2 vols.) [vol. 2: online text]

___________, Heine's Book of Songs (Philadelphia: F. Leypoldt; New York: F.W. Christern, 1864) [online text]

Joseph Viktor von Scheffel, et. al., Gaudeamus!: Humorous Poems (Boston: J.R. Osgood and Co., 1872)

Heinrich Heine, Florentine Nights; The Memoirs of Herr von Schnabelewopski; The Rabbi of Bacharach and Shakespeare's Maidens and Women (New York: John W. Lovell Co., 1891)

___________, The Family Life of Heinrich Heine: illustrated by one hundred and twenty-two hitherto unpublished letters addressed by him to different members of his family (London: W. Heinemann, 1893)(edited by Baron Ludwig von Embden)(London: W. Heinemann, 1896)

John Dyneley Prince & Charles Godfrey Leland, Kulóskap the master, and other Algonkin poems (New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1902) [online text]

The Works of Heinrich Heine (New York: Dutton / London: W. Heinemann, 1906)(New York: Printed for subscribers only by Croscup and Sterling, 1920)

(London: William Heinman, 1906)(2 vols.) [vol. 2: online text]

Heinrich Heine, Florentine Nights (London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1927)

Misc. Writings

Mary Alicia Owen, Voodoo Tales; as told among the Negroes of the Southwest. Collected from original sources (New York: Putnam, 1893)(New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969)(collected from original sources by Mary Alicia Owen; introduction by Charles Godfrey Leland; illustrated by Juliette A. Owen and Louis Wain)

T.D. Bonner, The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth, Mountaineer, Scout, Pioneer, and Chief of the Crow Nation of Indians (London,: Unwin; New York: Macmillan, new ed., 1892)(edited with a preface by Leland)

Research Resources

Papers of Charles Godfrey Leland
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia