Strangers to Us All Lawyers and Poetry

John Rollin Ridge


John Rollin Ridge, Poems
(San Francisco: H. Payot, 1868)

John Rollin Ridge (Yellow Bird) was an Indian writer, California newspaperman, novelist, poet and essayist. Ridge worked as a miner in northern California and as a lawyer in the gold fields.

John Rollin Ridge

John Rollin Ridge
The New Georgia Encyclopedia

John Rollin Ridge (Yellow Bird)(1827-1867)
American Passages: A Literary Survey


John Rollin Ridge, Poems (San Francisco: H. Payot, 1868) [online text] [online text]


John Rollin Ridge, The Life and Adventures of Joaquin Murieta, the Celebrated California Bandit (San Francisco: W.B. Cooke and Company, 1854) [online text] (San Francisco: Fred MacCrellish & Co., 3rd ed., 1871)(Hollister, California: Evening Free Lance, 1927)(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1955)(University of Oklahoma Press, 1969)

_____________, The Lives of Joaquin Murieta and Tiburcio Vasquez; the California Highwaymen (San Francisco: F. MacCrellish & Co., 1874)

_____________, California's Age of Terror: Nurieta and Vasquez (Hollister, California: Evening Free Lance, 1927)

_______________, Crimes and Career of Tiburcio Vasquez, the Bandit of San Benito County and Notorious Early California Outlaw (Hollister, California: Evening Free Lance, 1927)


James W. Parins, John Rollin Ridge (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)

David Farmer & Rennard Strickland (eds.), A Trumpet of Our Own: Yellow Bird's Essays on the North American Indian—Selections from the Writings of John Rollin Ridge (San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1981)(Black Stone Press, 1981)

Bibliography: Articles

James W. Parins, "John Rollin Ridge," in Eric L. Haralson (ed.), Encyclopedia of American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998)

Rennard Strickland, Yellow Bird's Song: The Message of America's First Native American Attorney, 29 Tulsa Law Journal 247 (1993)

Research Resources

Thurman Wilkins, Cherokee Tragedy: The Ridge Family and the Decimation of a People (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986)

James W. Parins, Elias Cornelius Boudinot: A Life on the Cherokee Border
(Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006)