Psychology for Lawyers

understanding ourselves | an introduction


"It might seem that self-knowledge is a central topic in psychology. In some ways it is; from Freud onward, psychologists have been fascinated by the extent to which people know themselves, the limits of this knowledge, and the consequences of failures of self-insight. Surprisingly, however, self-knowledge has not been a mainstream topic in academic psychology."

--Timothy D. Wilson, Strangers to Ourselves: Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious vii (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belnap Press/Harvard University Press, 2002)

"[M]en have begun to be aware that they have a psychology."

--C.G. Jung, "Is Analytical Psychology a Religion?" in William McGuire & R.F.C. Hull (eds.), C.G. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters 94-98, at 96 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1977)

"What do you know about yourself? We wouldn't have psychology if we were transparent to ourselves . . . Just because you believe something about who you are doesn't make it true."

--Jordan Peterson, "A History of Violence," YouTube audio [55:58 mins; relevant commentary at 49:14 mins. to 49:26 mins.] []

"Being yourself is one thing, knowing yourself is quite another. We may not know oourselves as well as we thin we do, for lack of courage or other reaons. Like the blind person who complains about poor illumination, we may not know tht we don't know."

--David B. Cohen, Out of the Blue: Depression and Human Nature 194 (New York: W.W. Norton, 1994)

"Nowhere are we closer to the sublime secret of all origination than in the recognition of our own selves, whom we always think we know already. Yet we know the immensities of space better than we know our own depths . . . ."

--C.G. Jung, "Analytical Psychology and Weltanshauung," in Collected Works: The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche (vol. 8), at 737

"Human beings are curious about the structure and function of everything, not least themselves . . . "

--Jordan B. Peterson, Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief 177 (New York: Routledge, 1999)

"You need to know where you are, so you can start to chart your course. You need to know who you are, so that you understand your armament and bolster yourself in respect to your limitations. You need to know where you are going, so that you can limit the extent of chaos in your life, restructure order, and bring the divine force of Hope to bear on the world."

--Jordan B. Peterson, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos 63(Toronto: Random House Canada, 2018)

"In both our personal and professional lives, looking inward is necessary for self-actualization."

--Marjorie A. Silver, Love, Hate, and Other Emotional Interference in the Lawyer/Client Relationship, 6 Clinical L. Rev. 259, 274 (1999)

"When, through a study of the products of his own unconscious, an individual's awareness of the hidden realms of the psyche is increased, and the richness and vitality of that unknown world is borne in upon him, his relation to the dynamic and nonpersonal forces within himself is profoundly changed.

--M. Esther Harding, Psychic Energy: Its Source and its Transformation 15 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1963)

"To find out what is truly individual in ourselves, profound reflection is needed; and suddenly we realize how uncommonly difficult the discovery of individuality in fact is."

--C.G. Jung, "The Relations Between the Ego and the Unconscious," in Collected Works: Two Essays on Analytical Psychology (2nd ed.)(vol. 7), 123-241, at 155

"We are not by nature psychological. Psychology must be gained for it is not given, and without psychological education we do not understand ourselves and we make our daimons suffer. This suggests that a reason for psychotherapy of whatever school and for whatever complaint is to gain psychology--a logos of soul that is at the same moment a therapeia of soul. We need to gain the intelligent response that makes the soul intelligible, a craft and order that understands it, a knowledgeable deftness that cares for its wants in speech. And if logos is its therapy, because it articulates the psyche's wants, then one answer to what the soul wants is psychology."

--James Hillman, Healing Fictions 94 (Barrytown, New York: Station Hill Press, 1983)

"[W]e know that the wildest and most moving dramas are played not in the theatre but in the hearts of ordinary men and women who pass by without exciting attention, and who betray to the world nothing of the conflicts that rage within them except possibly by a nervous breakdown. What is so difficult for the layman to grasp is the fact that in most cases the patients themselves have no suspicion whatever of the internecine war raging in their unconscious. If we remember that there are many people who understand nothing at all about themselves, we shall be less surprised at the realization that there are also people who are utterly unaware of their actual conflicts."

--C.G. Jung, "New Paths in Psychology" (1912), in Collected Works: Two Essays on Analytical Psychology (vol. 7), 245-268, at 257

"Nowadays everyone has many problems. This does not of course mean that we are all mentally ill, just that many of us feel lost in life and fail to understand ourselves and others. This explains the ever-increasing thirst for psychological knowledge and accounts for the popularity of books and lectures about psychology."

--Jolande Jacobi, Masks of the Soul 13 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publ., 1976)(Ean Begg transl.)] [Jacobi goes on to note that psychology is "far from simple. It is extremely difficult to fine one's bearings in the maze of the psyche. One longs to find the right path and at the same time shrinks from it." Id.]

"The modern personality is forced to live in search, in search of itself, psychologically, spiritually, and historically."

--Ira Progoff, Jung's Psychology and Its Social Meaning 13 (New York: Grove Press, 1953)

"Anyone who has probed the inner life, who has sat in silence long enough to experience the stillness of the mind behind its apparent noise, is faced with a mystery. Apart from all the outer attractions of life in the world, there exists at the center of human consciousness something quite satisfying and beautiful in itself, a beauty without features. The mystery is not so much that these two dimensions exist--an outer world and the mystery of the inner world--but that we are suspended between them, as a space in which both worlds meet. It is as if the human being is the meeting point, the threshold between two worlds. Anyone who has explored this inwardness to a certain degree will know that it holds a great beauty and power. In fact, to be unaware of this mystery of inwardness is to be incomplete."

--Kabir Helminski, The Knowing Heart: A Sufi Path of Transformation 69 (Boston: Shambhala, 1999)

"The primary atmosphere in which the human being lives and moves and has his being is inward. It is contained in the way a person thinks about himself, perceives and experiences his fundamental nature. It involves his conception of himself, his potentialities, and the resources upon which he can draw. These comprise the atmosphere of his life, and they are within him.

* * * *

The great need is to enlarge not only the awareness of reality but to enlarge the capacity of experiencing its deeper levels in the symbolic terms it requires."

--Ira Progoff, The Symbolic & the Real 12, 11 (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1963)

"Healing demands the re-imagining of self and world, and it is not an easy task.

* * * *

[H]ealing requires that we become psychological, against our will in most cases."

--James Hollis, The Archetypal Imagination 116 (College Station, Texas: Texas A&M Press, 2000)

[W]e don't fully understand what we do in our lives. Much of what we do every day is oblivious to itself, as though we sleep-walk through life, unconscious to our actions and activities. We simply do what we do and don't give it a second thought: it is--or has become--second nature to us. So, to do these actions daily, even to do them well on a daily basis, is not the same as knowing or understanding that which we do (even if it is done well); the mere doing does not guarantee knowledge or understanding of what is done or how it is accomplished. Knowledge or understanding of the kind desired requires something else, something like reflection on the activity done, giving it the second thought it deserves. We may do this if we realize that what has become second nature to us still is something what we have acquired, and hence is something that we might not otherwise have done, or might have done in a different way. So the challenge here is to bring all of this--what we have done and said, our actions and activities, and their imagined alternatives--to consciousness, to conscious inspection and reflection; then, perhaps we shall see what it is that we are doing and how we manage to do it."

--Thomas D. Eisele, "Our Real Need": Not Explanation, But Education, 3 (2) Canadian J. L. & Juris. 5, 10 (1990)


"The Power of Discovering the Self," in Gerry Spence, Win Your Case 9-18 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005)

"Understanding Ourselves," in Thomas Shaffer & James R. Elkins, Legal Interviewing and Counseling 300-351 (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publ., 4th ed., 1997)

Kathleen O'Dwyer, After Freud: How Well Do We Know Ourselves and Why Does It Matter?, 3 (2) J. Phil. of Life 97 (2013) [online text]

David B. Cohen, Out of the Blue: Depression and Human Nature 190-208 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1994)

Gerry Spence on Self-Knowledge :: James R. Elkins :: notes

An Unexamined Life :: James R. Elkins, Archaeology of Criticism

Jason E. Smith, The Illusion of Self-Control [online text]

Class Videos

Self-Awareness in Your Work as a Lawyer

Class Viewing 1: Importance of Self-Awareness [2:52 mins.] [Len Riskin is a law teacher] [comments on mindfulness as a self-awareness practice]

Class Viewing 2: Start With Yourself [9:46 mins.] [Gary Friedman, a California lawyer who was an instrumental figure in the 1980s humanistic legal education movement] [end presentation at 7:36 mins.] ["we live day-to-day and we need to take a step back"; what brings you to the practice of law?; what is that you care about?; "an internal investigation" to find what you care about (and this turns out to be an antidote to burnout); seeking moments of reflection; "taking yourself seriously"; "saying what you belief in"; we cover ourselves in fiction, "we are a walking fiction"]

Gerry Spence on Being a Lawyer and a Real Human Being

Class Viewing 3: On Self Discovery [6:17 mins.] [talks about being 83 years old and still in the process of learning who he is; "it's a magical trip"; "the stuff we have to look at is called fear"; "will I ever become anything?"; "life is a river . . . and when I think I've figured it out, here comes a bend"; "how do I deal with this person who I thought I knew and is a mystery to me"; "this business of self-discovery"; "we should offer a degree in self-discovery"; "you might begin to ask questions"] Pt2 [2:27 mins.] ["you are owned by the people who control your thoughts"]

An Introduction: Jacob Needleman | Charles Tart | Erv Polster

Class Viewing 4: The Inner World [2:38 mins.] [Jacob Needleman]

Class Viewing 5: Charles Tart: Waking Up [3:11 mins.] [Thinking Allowed with Jeffrey Mishlove] [on living in a state of illusion, a kind of dream state, a state we know as ordinary consciousness] [Charles Tart is an American psychologist known for his work on the nature of consciousness, and as one of the founders of the field of transpersonal psychology.]

Class Viewing 6: Self Observation [10:49 mins.] [Charles Tart] [Thinking Allowed with Jeffrey Mishlove] [begin in-class viewing at 1:51 mins.; end at 8:23 mins.]

Optional: Erv Polster Interview [8:57 mins.] [class presentation begins at 2:00 mins., ends at 4:58 mins.] [the pleasure at "looking within"; "psychotherapy is a fascinating experience"] [Erving Polster is a pioneer in the field of Gestalt psychotheraphy.]

Jordan Peterson

Class Viewing 1: The Pinnacle of Complexity [8:22 mins.] [relevant commentary ends at 5:17 mins.] [we are complex; our ability to understand ourselves is not all that great; science is not all that good in helping us concepualize the ideal; Peterson recommends that students approach his Personality and Its Transformation course as if they were "engineers of the spirits of other people"; we should ask ourselves: "what are we trying to be, to create?"; we learn how to perceive and our behavior follows perception; we should be interested in the "implicit structures" of our behavior; what constitutes knowledge is the development of cognitive structures that allow you to understand yourself] [at 5:17 mins.: Peterson comments on the Big Five traits of personality]

"The Pinnacle of Complexity" video is an except from: Introduction to Personality and Its Transformation [54:02 mins.] [Peterson's introduction lecture to the course] [for class purposes begin at 10:46 mins.; end at 11:35 mins.] [Peterson claims that a course in psychology, of the kind he teaches, can be viewed as a "course in applied wisdom."]

Class Viewing 2:Your Attention is Governed by Your Future Self [2:54 mins.] [Jung made the point that we are not masters in our own house. We find that we are "gripped" by something that is "beneath our will" that we cannot control.] [this short video is quite important]

Class Viewing 3: Your Personality & Who You Can Become [8:21 mins.] [end at 1:44 mins.]

Optional: We Don't Know Ourselves [1:34 mins.] [begin presentation at 1:04 mins.]

Class Viewing 4: The Purpose of Life [3:45 mins.] [Jordan Peterson] [perfect video for the end of this introduction class on using psychology to "Understand Ourselves"]

Psychology and How We Find Ourselves in a
State of Not Knowing the Self

Why Introspection Matters
[5:57 mins.] [The School of Life]

The Dangers of Thinking Too Much; And Thinking Too Little
[5:30 mins.] [The School of Life]

The True and the False Self
[6:54 mins.] [The School of Life]

How We Lie to Ourselves
[5:57 mins.] [The School of Life]

The Psychology of Self-Deception [10:27 mins.] [Academy of Ideas] [discussion of Tolstoy's "The Death of Ivan Ilych" at 4:17 mins.; end presentation at 5:57 mins.]

Commentary (James R. Elkins)

There is, for many of us, an abiding interest in the question: who am I? You might try to answer the question by listing your roles: mother, daughter, cook, reader, student. At some point, it may dawn on you that these roles, one or all, do not actually define who you are. When you say you are a student, that you are studying law, that you are acquiring the knowledge and skills to become a lawyer, do you say everything that needs to be said about you are, or is something more required. If something more is required, we might find ourselves turning to philosophy or religion, to psychology, or to a story. Answering this question--who am I?--may require you to try to articulate how you feel about yourself, how you imagine yourself, the stories you tell about yourself, and how you relate to your inner world. We might even get around to the notion that who you are and how you ask the question about who you are tells us something about your psyche.

This idea of asking ourselves--who am I?--is always related, in one way or another, to how we inhabit the world with others, that is, how we work with others (and how we serve others in the work we do), our capacity for friendship, our ability to understand and withstand betrayal, and our wherewithal in navigating the ins and outs of life. One reason we want to understand ourselves--and pursue psychology--is so that we can know something about the people we must deal with every day. No self exists in isolation. Isolation spells madness.

Being able to list the roles you play--or have been assigned--in work and in life is easy enough to do (although your list may be incomplete, or you may unconsciously leave some roles off the list). Getting beyond the roles you are willing to see that you are implicated, may turn out to be more difficult than making a list of roles. What lies behind and deep within the roles you have assumed, the roles you play, the roles in which you sense that you have been inadequate? There are a good many ways to answer these questions. We might start with the most obvious: Being self-aware means knowing something about your feelings and underlying emotions, how they work and how they shape your decisions and your life. After we see what we know about the psychological realm we know as feelings, we can then turn to a central concern of psychoanalysis and analytical psychology--the unconscious.

Reference (Jordan Peterson)

Professor Jordan Peterson teaches two courses, Personality and Its Transformations, and a second course, Maps of Meaning that provide full-course alternatives to the work that we have been pursuing in Psychology for Lawyers. In Peterso's Personality and Its Transformations course, he includes lectures on both Jung and Freud. Peterson has, of late, become relatively well-known in Canada, and I highly recommend his lectures.

Becoming a Self
[28:00 mins.]

Self-esteem Doesn't Exist
[9:05 mins.]

Reference (Jacob Needleman)

What is a Human Being?
[3:09 mins.]

"Who Am I? Why Am I Here?"
[1:48:25 mins.] [2015]

Time and the Soul: A Spiritual Biography
[1:42:06 mins.] [2015]

Time and the Soul
[19:49 mins.] [full version :: 56:25 mins.]

Gurdjieff: A Life in the Work
[1:56:05 mins.]

Necessary Wisdom
[57:00 mins.] [2014] [commentary on spirituality and wisdom; making sense of mysticism]

Alchemy as a Code for Interior Transformation
[7:05 mins.]

On Fame
[3:05 mins.]

Spirituality & the Intellect
[8:35 mins.] [Thinking Allowed with Jeffrey Mishlove]

Reference (Charles Tart)

What are Altered States of Consciousness?
[12:12 mins.] [alt. posting]

Meditation and the Search for Meaning
[9:35 mins.]

Science, Religion, and Spirituality
[6:15 mins.]

The Mystical Experience
[30:00 mins.] [audio]

Charles Tart: Transpersonal Psychology
[15:00 mins.] [audio] [relating transpersonal psychology to the soul, and our spiritual nature, and to the study of spiritual experiences] Pt2 [15:00 mins.] Pt3 [15:00 mins.] Pt4 [5:22 mins.]

Questions on Consciousness
[9:30 mins.] Pt2 [8:49 mins.] Pt3 [9:59 mins.] Pt4 [8:19 mins.] Pt5 [9:54 mins.] Pt6 [9:58 mins.] Pt7 [9:56 mins.] Pt8 [9:59 mins.] Pt9 [9:49 mins.] Pt10 [9:34 mins.]

The Mystical Experience
[30:00 mins.] [interview; audio]

Evidence-Based Spirituality for the 21st Century
[25:59 mins.] Pt2 [11:41 mins.] Pt3 [26:35 mins.] Pt4 [12:27 mins.]

Reflections on Meditation
[9:37 mins.] [Pt 1 of 9]

Reference (Erving Polster)

Erving Polster Interview
[8:57 mins.] Pt2 [8:58 mins.] Pt3 [9:41 mins.] Pt4 [6:33 mins.] Pt5 [9:18 mins.]

Gestalt Therapy with Erving Polster
[1:20 mins.]

Course Resources on Fritz Perls & Gestalt Therapy

Reference (Gerry Spence)

Doors of Risk
[2:58 mins.] [2013] [The big door is the "risk of self-discovery." "I get to decide do I open this door or not. . . . I have a choice. I can live the rest of my life not knowing what is behind the door."]

On Knowing Who You Are [3:07 mins.] ["If I don't know myself . . . I can't know you as the juror.."] [in-class presentation, begin at 1:32 mins.]

Living with a Stranger
[1:29 mins.] [2011] [poor audio quality]

Embracing Uniqueness
[3:22 mins.] [thoughts about "being a human being"]

The Measure of a Trial Lawyer
[1:31 mins.]

On Law Schools
[3:57 mins.] [commenting on thinking, feeling, being a real person]

Spence Offers Advice to Young Lawyers
[6:38 mins.] [Spence lays out his criticism of modern day legal education; comments on learning how to be real; introduces his Trial Lawyers College] [an nterview conducted for the cover story of the first issue of Law Firm Marketing Magazine]

On Fear and Feelings
[3:57 mins.]

The Value of Fear
[5:19 mins.]

Being Real
[1:30 mins.]

Educating Judges
[4:15 mins.] [on being real]

Creating a Relationship with the Jury
[1:24 mins.]

Juries & Tribes
[2:08 mins.]

Is Trial Law Dead?
[5:10 mins.]

The Plight of the Public Defender
[1:31 mins.]

Love and Caring
[2:38 mins.] [2016]

The Powerful Motivator--Fear
[3:41 mins.]

Fighting for Justice
[16:36 mins.] [TED Talk]

Gerry Spence
[26:47 mins.] [Wyoming PBS] Pt2 [26:47 mins.]

An American Original
[28:26 mins.]

The Ills of our Justice System
[4:15 mins.]

From Freedom to Slavery
[47:21 mins.] Pt 2 [47:24 mins.] Pt3 [46:57 mins.] Pt4 [47:01 mins.]

Eradicate the Death Penalty!
[4:59 mins.]

[19:53 mins.] Pt2 [19:51 mins.]

Reference (Gary Friedman)

Gary Friedman Interview
[9:58 mins.] Pt2 [9:31 mins.] Pt3 [8:58 mins.]

Self-Reflection for Conflict Professionals
15:14 mins.] [Gary Friedman speaking at a meeting; the reference in the video to SCPI is to Self-Reflection for Conflict Professionals Intensive]

Reference (Len Riskin)

Riskin Talks about Mediation
[9:19 mins.] [For Riskin's article on the use of mindfulness meditation by law students and lawyers, see: The Contemplative Lawyer] [Len Riskin faculty profile]

Meditation as a Way Lawyers Might Change Their View of the World
[2:21 mins.]

Reference (Lawyers Talking about Understanding)

Work on Your Self [9:54 mins.] [Maureen T. Holland] Holland Discusses Holistic Lawyering
[8:07 mins.] Additional segments of the "Work on Your Self" interview: Pt 1 [9:42 mins.] Pt2 [7:39 mins.]

Who Am I?
[9:57 mins.] [Susan Daicoff, law professor, author of Lawyer Know Thyself]

Reference (Nietzsche as Psychologist)

Nietzsche and Psychology: How To Become Who You Are
[14:38 mins.] [Academy of Ideas]

Reference (Joseph Campbell)

Joseph Campbell on the Self and the Ego
[0:38 mins.]

Human Being Over Intellect
[2:51 mins.]

Myth As the Mirror for the Ego
[4:22 mins.]

On Following Your Bliss
[6:52 mins.] [Joseph Campbell's commentary on following your bliss is an interesting follow-up to Abraham Maslow's concept of self-actualization]

On Becoming an Adult
[5:39 mins.]

Tricksters and the Disordering Principle and the Dynamic of Life
[2:21 mins.]

Mythology of the Trickster
[4:52 mins.] [commentary on the trickster as a mythological figure; as we might consider the lawyer as trickster]

Joseph Campbell on the Hero's Journey
[4:94 mins.]

Reference (C.G. Jung)

Jung on Understanding Ourselves
[4:31 mins.] [for in-class viewing, first 0:28 secs. of the video]

Carl Jung on his first surprising moment of self-awareness
[4:44 mins.]

Jung and Our Complexes
[4:16 mins.] [James Hollis] [Hollis is a Jungian analyst and author] [For a class assignment on the Jungian approach to complexes, see: Complexes]

Carl G Jung Theory: What is the Self?
[5:31 mins.] [Manuel Costa, a psychotherapist, San Jose, California]

Jung on Understanding Yourself
[45:57 mins.]

Jungian/Zen Approach to the Self
[1:58 mins.] [Genpo Merzel]

Reference (Understanding Ourselves)

Nietzsche and Psychology: How To Become Who You Are
[14:38 mins.] [Academy of Ideas]

Self Awareness
[3:50 mins.] [animation]

How Reflection Informs Personal Growth
[2:07 mins.] [Courtney Spence]

Roy Baumeister: What is Self-Awareness?
[8:04 mins.]

What is Mentalizing & Why Do It
[10:59 mins.] [Jon G. Allen]

The Self Illusion: How Your Brain Creates You
[28:41 mins.] [Bruce Hood]

What Makes You, You?
[11:40 mins.] [Julian Baggini]

Our Inner Selves
[9:31 mins.] [Hal Stone]

Know Thyself
[4:38 mins.] [Professor Mitchell Green, describing a philosophy course being offered
at the University of Virginia] [reference to the "adaptive unconscious"] [Lecture 1] [Lecture 1-2]

The Examined Life
[13:31 mins.] [Cornel West looking at the "examined life" from a philosophical perspective]

[6:32 mins.]

Self Image
[6:24 mins.] [Sheldon Solomon] Pt2 [9:56 mins.] Pt3 [7:10 mins.] Pt4 [2:55 mins.]

Psychological Roadblocks to Therapy
[5:15 mins.] [Brad Peters]

Who Do You Think You Are?
[13:21] [Richard Sennett drawing on the work of Erik Erickson]
Pt2 [10:26 mins.]

The Plight of Men
[1:03 mins.] [James Hollis]

Kathleen Speeth: The Psychodynamics of Liberation
[9:43 mins.] [Kathleen Speeth is a transpersonal psychologist]

Developing Self-Awareness
[38:55 mins.] [Raymond Raad]

[1:00:40 mins.] [Peter Russell]

Stanislav Grof: Adventure of Self-Discovery
[4:59 mins.]

What One Can Learn About Themselves From Artists
[8:00 mins.]

Cognitive Behavioral Tools
[26:30 mins.] [Dr. LuAnn Helms, Utah State University's Counseling and Psychological Services]

Self-Reflection for Conflict Professionals
[15:14 mins.] ["Your inner life is a powerful tool . . ."] [Gary Friedman,]

Self Confidence
[24:12 mins.] [Alain de Botton]

Developing Self Awareness
[3:35 mins.]

Movie: A Leader's Process of Self-awareness and Reflection
[3:40 mins.]

Susan Blackmore:: How is Personal Identity Maintained?
[7:25 mins.] The Self Illusion [23:27 mins.]

Ariel Garten: Redefining Consciousness
[14:50 mins.] [Garten is CEO and Co-Founder of InteraXon, a brain-sensing technology company]

Galen Strawson: What are Selves?
[9:11 mins.]

Who and What Am "I"?
[7:47 mins.] [Mark Solms]

Reference (Understanding Ourselves) (TED Talks)

The Capes We Hide Within
[17:11 mins.]

The Importance of Self-Awareness
[12:29 mins.] [Valon Murtezaj]

Increase Your Self-Awareness with One Simple Fix
[17:17 mins.] [Tasha Eurich]

The Myth of Self-Discovery
[8:18 mins.] [a Ph.D. student in psychology]

Systematic Biases in Understanding Ourselves and Others
[9:34 mins.] [Weylin Sternglanz]

Social World & Self-Understanding

Claiming Your Identity by Understanding Your Self-worth
[16:04 mins.] [Judge Helen Whitener] [TED Talk] [commenting on the social codes that define us]

Reference (John Searle)

How Do Persons Maintain Their Identity?
[12:30 mins.] [a philosophical perspective] [reference to C.G. Jung]

Can a Person Be a Soul?
[9:57 mins.]

Reference (Understanding Ourselves) (Articles)

Awareness of Self: A Critical Tool
Esther Urdang, 29 Soc. Work Educ. 523 (2010)

Interpersonal Dynamics: Helping Lawyers Learn the Skills, and the Importance, of Human Relations in the Practice of Law Joshua D. Rosenberg, 58 U. Miami L. Rev. 1225 (2004)

It All Begins With You: Improving Law School Learning Through Professional Self-Awareness
Filippa Marullo Anzalone, 24 Hamline L. Rev. 324 (2001)

The Lawyer's Aware Use of the Human Skills Associated with the Perceptive Self
Beryl Blaustone, 15 J. Legal Porf. 241 (1990)

Multicultural Lawyering: Teaching Psychology to Develop Cultural Self-Awarenss
Carwina Weng, 11 Clinical L. Rev. 401 (2005)

Reference (Understanding Ourselves) (Book)

Susan Daicoff, Lawyer, Know Thyself: A Psychological Analysis of Personality Strengths and Weaknesses (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2004)

Understanding Ourselves (Web Resources)

(Self) Knowledge is Power: Reinforcing the Ethics of Lawyering
Adrian Evans, Monash University


Contact Professor Elkins